Calcium Deficiency during Pregnancy

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in human body than other minerals . So, we require large amounts of calcium than other minerals which is discussed in the Recommended Calcium Intake for Women. We have to include calcium in our daily food in large amounts. Because deficiency in calcium leads to different problems in children as well as in adults.

Types of Calcium deficiency

  • Dietary Calcium deficiency
  • Hypocalcemia

Dietary Calcium deficiency is caused when there is inadequate intake of calcium which results in use up of calcium stores in bones which lead to softening and weakening of bones. Hypocalcemia  is a low level of blood calcium . It can occur from taking medications, such as diuretics or medical treatments or disease processes, such as renal failure or hypoparathyroidism.Calcium deficiency in children may lead to rickets, which results in bone deformities and growth retardation.

An insufficient amount of calcium in your diet is not the reason for hypocalcemia. This is because normal amounts of calcium in the blood are so critical to many important body functions of the  muscles, nerves,brain and heart, that your body will extract calcium from the bones as required to maintain normal blood calcium levels. This enables vital processes in the body to continue. However, ongoing dietary calcium  deficiency can eventually result in  thinning of the bones and osteoporosis because calcium is stored in the bones cannot be replaced as they are used by our body.

Calcium deficiency untreated can result in serious complications, such as osteoporosis,  ypertension (high blood pressure), and cardiac arrhythmias.

Calcium Deficiency symptoms in  Women and during pregnancy:

The calcium intake of the body reduces as we grow. There should be regular supply of calcium to the body needs. Deficiency of Calcium in young girls causes problems like irregular menstrual cycle,menstrual cramps,late puberty (Puberty is the process of physical changes by which a child’s body becomes an adult body capable of reproduction.

Puberty is initiated by hormone signals from the brain to the gonads (the ovaries and testes)) and anemia. The resistance power of the body is reduced which results in easy attack of any infections and diseases.The calcium requirement is highest during pregnancy. It is required for the formation of the bones of the baby.

Hence women should consume the required amount during pregnancy. Severe bleeding, extended lying-in period , lack of breast milk,can be some of the calcium deficiency symptoms in women after child birth.

Lack calcium in the diet can pose a risk to osteopenia and eventually osteoporosis (It is a condition by which the bones become so weak that it might turn towards Osteoporosis, though it is not imperative that anybody who suffers from Osteopenia would also suffer from Osteoporosis) in menopausal women. Hence they should include adequate calcium intake to prevent bone loss during this period